Are you Prepared?
One must be fully prepared before breeding. There are many elements involved, including:
Finances - Breeding involves many veterinarian bills. The pregnancy may have complications. A cesarean section may need to be performed. You will need extra food, milk supplement, vaccinations, veterinarian checkups and more.
Time - Those newborn puppies need to have a careful eye on them around the clock. Hypoglycemia is just one of the many health issues that can suddenly strike a newborn puppy, especially when breeding toy Poodles.
Emotional strength? Even the best breeders in the world experience loss. Even with years of experience, there may be a puppy or puppies who do not make it. If all goes well, how will you feel when the puppies go to their new homes?
Most reputable breeders do so for the love of the breed, not to make money. As any top breeder will tell you, breeding is not a huge money maker. The majority of sale of a puppy goes right back into the breeding program.
A female can become pregnant as soon as she enters her first heat. This can be as young as 6 months old. However, a female should be at least 2 years old before she is bred.
If you are planning on breeding more than once, there are 2 theories regarding what is best for the female Poodle. Some veterinarians suggest breeding 2 times in a row, then giving a rest and the other method is to breed every other heat cycle. It is of utmost importance to never breed a Poodle without first having her examined to ensure that she is completely recovered from a previous pregnancy and is fully healthy to carry another litter.
If a female must have a C-section, it is often in the best interest of the Poodle to be retired from breeding.
It is best if the female is larger than the male. This is particularly important with toy Poodles. With the average weight of a toy being 6-9 lbs. (2.72-4.08 kg), a good example would be a 9-10 pound female paired with a 5-6 pound male. This gives the female a better chance to carry well and deliver naturally, as she will have larger width and the smaller male will complement the sizing, producing puppies within the toy Poodle weight range.
While some females will have their heat cycles slow down or stop as they grow older, many will enter heat for their entire lives. When breeding, it is highly recommended to stop breeding a female at the age of 5 or 6 years. Having too many litters puts extreme stress on a female Poodle and is very unhealthy. When a female is “retired” from breeding, she should be spayed to prevent any accidental breedings.